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England celebrates their genocides. The ‘Winston Churchill note’ has entered circulation. Honouring a man who swilled on champagne while 4 million men, women and children in Bengal starved due to his racist colonial policies.

The trial of Churchill:

Churchill was a genocidal maniac. He is fawned over in Britain and held up as a hero of the nation. He was voted ‘Greatest Briton’ of all time. Below is the real history of Churchill, the history of a white supremacist whose hatred for Indians led to four million starving to death, the man who loathed Irish people so much he conceived different ways to terrorise them, the racist thug who waged war on black people across Africa and in Britain. This is the trial of Winston Churchill, the enemy of all humanity.

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THE TRIAL OF WINSTON CHURCHILL:

Afghanistan:

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Churchill found his love for war during the time he spent in Afghanistan. While there he said “all who resist will be killed without quarter” because the Pashtuns need “recognise the superiority of race”. He believed the Pashtuns needed to be dealt with, he would reminisce in his writings about how he partook in the burning villages and peoples homes:

“We proceeded systematically, village by village, and we destroyed the houses, filled up the wells, blew down the towers, cut down the great shady trees, burned the crops and broke the reservoirs in punitive devastation.” – Churchill on how the British carried on in Afghanistan, and he was only too happy to be part of it.

Churchill would also write of how “every tribesman caught was speared or cut down at once”. Proud of the terror he helped inflict on the people of Afghanistan Churchill was well on the road to becoming a genocidal maniac.

Greece:

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The British Army under the guidance of Churchill perpetrated a massacre on the streets of Athens in the month of December 1944. 28 protesters were shot dead, a further 128 injured. The British demanded that all guerrilla groups should disarm on the 2nd December 1944. The following day 200,000 people took to the streets, and this is when the British Army under Churchill’s orders turned their guns on the people. Churchill regarded ELAS (Greek People’s Liberation Army) and EAM (National Liberation Front) as “miserable banditti”, these were the very people who ran the Nazis out. His actions in the month of December were purely out of his hatred and paranoia for communism.

The British backed the right-wing government in Greece returned from exile after the very same partisans of the resistance that Churchill ordered the murder of had driven out the Nazi occupiers. Soviet forces were well received in Greece, this deeply worried Churchill. He planned to restore the monarchy in Greece to combat any possible communist influence. The events in December were part of that strategy.

In 1945, Churchill sent Charles Wickham to Athens where he was in charge of training the Greek security police. Wickham learned his tricks of the trade in British occupied Ireland between 1922-1945 where he was a commander of the colonial RUC, responsible for countless terror.

In April 1945 Churchill said “the [Nazi] collaborators in Greece in many cases did the best they could to shelter the Greek population from German oppression” and went on to say “the Communists are the main foe”.

India:

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“I’d rather see them have a good civil war”. – Churchill wishing partition on India

Very few in Britain know about the genocide in Bengal let alone how Churchill engineered it. Churchill’s hatred for Indians led to four million starving to death during the Bengal ‘famine’ of 1943. “I hate Indians. They are a beastly people with a beastly religion” he would say.

Bengal had a better than normal harvest during the British enforced famine. The British Army took millions of tons of rice from starving people to ship to the Middle East – where it wasn’t even needed. When the starving people of Bengal asked for food, Churchill said the ‘famine’ was their own fault “for breeding like rabbits”. The Viceroy of India said “Churchill’s attitude towards India and the famine is negligent, hostile and contemptuous”. Even right wing imperialist Leo Amery who was the British Secretary of State in India said he “didn’t see much difference between his [Churchill] outlook and Hitler’s”. Churchill refused all of the offers to send aid to Bengal, Canada offered 10,000 tons of rice, the U.S 100,000, he just point blank refused to allow it. Churchill was still swilling champaign while he caused four million men, women and children to starve to death in Bengal.

Throughout WW2 India was forced to ‘lend’ Britain money. Churchill moaned about “Indian money lenders” the whole time. The truth is Churchill never waged war against fascism. He went to war with Germany to defend the British Empire, he said this about India during WW2 “are we to incur hundreds of millions of debt for defending India only to be kicked out by the Indians afterwards”.

In 1945 Churchill said “the Hindus were race protected by their mere pullulation from the doom that is due”. The Bengal famine wasn’t enough for Churchill’s blood lust, he wished his favourite war criminal Arthur Harris could have bombed them.

Iran:

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“A prize from fairyland beyond our wildest dreams” – Churchill on Iran’s oil

When Britain seized Iran’s oil industry Churchill proclaimed it was “a prize from fairyland beyond our wildest dreams”. Churchill meddled in Iranian affairs for decades, he helped exclude Iranians from their natural resources and encouraged the looting when most lived in severe poverty.

In June 1914 Churchill proposed a bill in the House of Commons that would see the British government become become the major shareholder of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. The company would go on to refrain from paying Iran its share of the dividends before paying tax to the British exchequer. Essentially the British were illegally taxing the Iranian government.

When the nationalist government of Mohammad Mosaddegh threatened British ‘interests’ in Iran, Churchill was there, ready to protect them at any cost. Even if that meant desecrating democracy. He helped organise a coup against Mosaddegh in August 1953.  He told the CIA operations officer that helped carry out the plan “if i had been but a few years younger, I would have loved nothing better than to have served under your command in this great venture”.

Churchill arranged for the BBC to send coded messages to let the Shah of Iran know that they were overthrowing the democratically elected government. Instead of the BBC ending their Persian language news broadcast with “it is now midnight in London” they under Churchill’s orders said “it is now exactly midnight”.

Churchill went on to privately describe the coup as “the finest operation since the end of the war [WW2]”. Being a proud product of imperialism he had no issue ousting Mosaddegh so Britain could get back to sapping the riches of Iran.

Iraq:

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“I am strongly in favour of using poisoned gas against the uncivilized tribes… it would spread a lively terror.” – Churchill on the use of gas in the Middle East and India

Churchill was appointed ‘Secretary of State for the Colonies’ in 1921 and he formed the ‘Middle East Department’ which was responsible for Iraq. Determined to have his beloved empire on the cheap he decided air power could replace ground troops. A strategy of bombing any resistance to British rule was now employed.

Several times in the 1920s various groups in the region now known as Iraq rose up against the British. The air force was then put into action, indiscriminately bombing civilian areas so to subdue the population.

Churchill was also an advocate for the use of mustard and poison gases. Whilst ‘Secretary for War and Air’ he advised that “the provision of some kind of asphyxiating bombs” should be used “for use in preliminary operations against turbulent tribes” in order to take control of Iraq.

When Iraqi tribes stood up for themselves, under the direction of Churchill the British unleashed terror on mud, stone and reed villages.

Churchill’s bombing of civilians in ‘Mesopotamia’ (Kurdistan and Iraq) was summed up by war criminal ‘Bomber Harris’:

“The Arab and Kurd now know what real bombing means within 45 minutes a full-sized village can be practically wiped out, and a third of its inhabitants killed or injured, by four or five machines which offer them no real target, no opportunity for glory as warriors, no effective means of escape”. – Arthur ‘Bomber’ Harris

Ireland:

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“We have always found the Irish a bit odd. They refuse to be English” – Churchill

In 1904 Churchill said “I remain of the opinion that a separate parliament for Ireland would be dangerous and impractical”. Churchill’s ancestry is linked to loyalism to Britain, he is a direct descendent of the ‘Marquis of Londonderry’ who helped put down the 1798 United Irishmen rising. He would live up to his families reputation when it came to suppressing revolutionary forces in Ireland.

The Black and Tans were the brainchild of Churchill, he sent the thugs to Ireland to terrorise at will. Attacking civilians and civilian property they done Churchill proud, rampaging across the country carrying out reprisals. He went on to describe them as “gallant and honourable officers”. It was also Churchill who conceived the idea of forming the Auxiliaries who carried out the Croke Park massacre, firing into the crowd at a Gaelic football match, killing 14. Of course this didn’t fulfill Churchill’s bloodlust to repress as people who he described as “odd” for their refusal “to be English”, he went on to advocate the use of air power in Ireland against Sinn Fein members in 1920. He suggested to his war advisers that aeroplanes should be dispatched with orders to use “machine-gun fire or bombs” to “scatter and stampede them”.

Churchill was an early advocate for the partitioning of Ireland. During the treaty negotiations he insisted on retaining navy bases in Ireland. In 1938 those bases were handed back to Ireland. However in 1939 Churchill proposed capturing Berehaven base by force. In 1941 Churchill supported a plan to introduce conscription in the North of Ireland.

Churchill went on to remark”the bloody Irish, what have they ever done for our wars”, reducing Ireland’s merit to what it might provide by way of resources (people) for their imperialist land grabs.

Kenya:

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Britain declared a state of emergency in Kenya in 1952 to protect its system of institutionalised racism that they established throughout their colonies so to exploit the indigenous population. Churchill being your archetypical British supremacist believed that Kenya’s fertile highlands should be only for white colonial settlers. He approved the forcible removal of the local population, which he termed “blackamoors”.

150,000 men, women and children were forced into concentration camps. Children’s schools were shut by the British who branded them “training grounds for rebellion”. Rape, castration, cigarettes, electric shocks and fire all used by the British to torture the Kenyan people under Churchill’s watch.

In 1954 in a British cabinet meeting Churchill and his men discussed the forced labour of Kenyan POWs and how to circumvent the constraints of two treaties they were breaching:

“This course [detention without trial and forced labour] had been recommended despite the fact that it was thought to involve a technical breach of the Forced Labour Convention of 1930 and the Convention on Human Rights adopted by the Council of Europe”

The Cowan Plan advocated the use of force and sometimes death against Kenyan POWs who refused to work. Churchill schemed to allow this to continue.

Caroline Elkins book gives a glimpse into the extent that the crimes in Kenya were known in both official and unofficial circles in Britain and how Churchill brushed off the terror the colonial British forces inflicted on the native population. He even ‘punished’ Edwina Mountbatten for mentioning it, “Edwina Mountbatten was conversing about the emergency with India’s prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and the then colonial secretary, Oliver Lyttleton. When Lyttleton commented on the “terrible savagery” of Mau Mau… Churchill retaliated, refusing to allow Lord Mountbatten to take his wife with him on an official visit to Turkey”.

Palestine:

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“I do not agree that the dog in a manger has the final right to the manger.”

In 2012 Churchill was honoured with a statue in Jerusalem for his assistance to Zionism.

He regarded the Arab population Palestine to be a “lower manifestation”. And that the “dog in a manger has the final right to the manger”, by this he meant the Arabs of Palestine.

 

In 1920 Churchill declared “if, as may well happen, there should be created in our own lifetime by the banks of the Jordan a Jewish State under the protection of the British Crown which might comprise three or four millions of Jews, an event will have occurred in the history of the world which would from every point of view be beneficial”.

 

A year later in Jerusalem he told Palestinian leaders that “it is manifestly right that the Jews, who are scattered all over the world, should have a national centre and a National Home where some of them may be reunited. And where else could that be but in this land of Palestine, with which for more than 3,000 years they have been intimately and profoundly associated?”.

At the Palestine Royal Commission (Peel) of 1937, Churchill stated that he believed in intention of the Balfour Declaration was to make Palestine an “overwhelmingly Jewish state”.

He went on to also express to the Peel Commission that he does “not admit for instance, that a great wrong has been done to the Red Indians of America or the black people of Australia. I do not admit that a wrong has been done to these people by the fact that a stronger race, a higher-grade race, a more worldly wise race to put it that way, has come in and taken their place”.

Four years later he wrote of his desire for a ‘Jewish state’to be established after the second war world. The establishment of the colonial settler state however was done on the watch of the British Labour Party under Attlee, who were always there to back their Tory counterparts when it came to British foreign policy.

Saudi Arabia:

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“My admiration for him [Ibn Saud] was deep, because of his unfailing loyalty to us.” – Churchill

 

Prior to 1922 the British were paying Ibn Saud a subsidy of £60,000 a year. Churchill, then Colonial Secretary, raised it to £100,000.

He knew of the dangers of wahhabism, but was content to use the House of Saud’s twisted ideology for benefit of British imperialism. Just as the British had done a few years earlier when they teamed up with Al-Saud and their wahhabism to wage an internal war in the Ottoman Empire. He described Ibn Saud’s wahhabis as “intolerant, well-armed and bloodthirsty’. Of course, as long as they were on the side of the British, Winston was happy.

Churchill went on to write that his “admiration for him [Ibn Saud] was deep, because of his unfailing loyalty to us”.

Churchill meeting with Ibn Saud whom he showered with money and gifts. Britain foisted Wahhabism on the region. He gifted Ibn Saud a special Rolls-Royce in the mid 1940s.

 

South Africa:

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Thousands were sent to British run concentration camps during the Boer wars. Churchill summed up his time in South Africa by saying “it was great fun galloping about”.

Churchill wrote that his only “irritation” during the Boer war was “that Kaffirs should be allowed to fire on white men”.

It was Churchill who planted the seed to strip voting rights from black people in South Africa. In June 1906, Churchill argued that Afrikaners should be allowed a self-rule which would mean black people would be excluded from voting.

He went on to state to Parliament that “we must be bound by the interpretation which the other party places on it and it is undoubted that the Boers would regard it as a breach of that treaty if the franchise were in the first instance extended to any persons who are not white”.

Other mentions:

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‘British Guiana’: 

Churchill ordered the overthrowing of the democratically elected leader of ‘British Guiana’. He dispatched troops and warships and suspended their constitution all to put a stop to the governments nationalisation plan.

China:

“I think we shall have to take the Chinese in hand and regulate them” – Churchill His hope from this was for “Ayran stock to triumph”…

Erich von Manstien:

Churchill donated funds for this Nazi war criminals defence when he was on trial after WW2.

Immigration to Britain: 

Churchill suggested the motto “Keep England White” when debating the adoption of new laws limiting immigration from the Caribbean.

Mussolini: 

Churchill extolled Mussolini – “If I were Italian, I am sure I would have been with you entirely from the beginning” and “what a man [Mussolini] ! I have lost my heart!… Fascism has rendered a service to the entire world”.

On his own people: 

Churchill suggested “100,000 degenerate Britons should be forcibly sterilised/others put in labour camps to halt decline of British race”. He also went on to suggest that “for tramps and wastrels there ought to be proper labour colonies where they could be sent”.

Sudan:

Churchill bragged that he personally shot at least three “savages” whilst there.

Robert Emmet (Irish Republican leader): 

Churchill plagiarised his famous “we shall fight on the beaches” from Emmet’s speech from the dock.

Russia:

He urged the US to “wipe” out the Kremlin with an atomic bomb hoping it would “handle the balance of Russia”.

World War 1:

“I love this war. I know it’s smashing and shattering the lives of thousands every moment”.

World War 2: 

Churchill’s cabinet during WW2 obsessed about British people viewing black GIs favourably.

 

Chumik Shenko massacre, Tibet, 1904

Chumik Shenko massacre 1904

On March 31 1904 hundreds of Tibetans were slaughtered by the British with maxim machine guns. The order from the British was “to make as big a bag as possible” [i]. The day after the massacre Colonel Younghusband who led the British invasion into Tibet stated “I trust the tremendous punishment they have received will prevent further fighting, and induce them at last to negotiate” [ii].

North King Street massacre, Ireland, 1916

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At least seventeen civilians were shot and bayoneted to death by the British Army who went on a murderous rampage on North King Street and its environs.

British troops broke into the homes of locals, accused innocent people of being ‘rebels’ and murdered them. Some of the victims were buried in their gardens and cellars by the soldiers. A military inquest into the killings found that the British Army had killed civilians but army officers and civil servants covered up the findings to avoid what they called “hostile propaganda” [iii].

Top Home Office official, ‘Sir’ Edward Troup, marked the memo he wrote for British PM Asquith “very confidential” and said some of the people were “probably fighting or sniping”, he went on to admit that there was “little doubt that others were not taking any active part” [iv].

Troup strongly advised against publishing the evidence on the grounds it would show the extent of British tyranny in Ireland. He said “nothing but harm could come of any public inquiry that would draw further attention to the matter”. He went on to state that if the massacre had happened in England that “the right course would be to refer the cases to the Director of Public Prosecutions”. But because it was Ireland, instead of the soldiers facing trail for murder, they were simply allowed to get away with it. [v]

Jallianwala Bagh massacre (Amritsar), India, 1919

Amritsar massacre, 1919

In Amritsar on the 13th April British troops under the command of General Dyer fired in to a crowd who had gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh public gardens for 10 minutes. Fire was directed towards to the few open gates through which people were trying to flee.

Reginald Dyer who ordered the massacre was hailed a hero in Britain. He was rewarded the equivalent of £1million, given a heroes welcome when he returned to London and was presented with a sword inscribed with the motto “the saviour of Punjab”. [vi]

Over 1000 people were killed. Although the British continue to arrogantly dispute the figure, claiming it to be in the hundreds as if that would absorb them of the crime.

Gujranwala massacre, India, 1919

Gujranwala massacre 1919

Two days after the massacre at Amritsar, the RAF were dispatched to bomb and machine gun people protesting against it in Gujranwala. At least 12 people were killed.

The Officer Commanding the RAF in India stated after the massacre:

“I think we can fairly claim to have been of great use in the late riots, particularly at Gujranwala, where the crowd when looking at its nastiest was absolutely dispersed by a machine using bombs and Lewis guns.” –  Brigadier General N D K MacEwen [vii]

Croke Park massacre, Ireland, 1920

Croke Park massacre 1920

On the 21 November 1919, British forces opened fire on a crowd at a Gaelic football match in a revenge attack. The ground became a war zone as the British fired indiscriminately. 14 were killed.

Churchill would go on to proclaim that these very same British forces were”gallant and honourable officers”. [viii]

Shaji massacre, China, 1925

Shaji massacre, 1925

On June 23rd 1925 a group of Chinese workers and students in Guangzhou demonstrated, the British military police answered with fire. 52 died. Upon hearing of the massacre workers in Hong Kong responded with a General Strike. A boycott on British goods was declared.

Qissa Khwani Bazaar massacre, Peshawar, 1930

Qissa Khwani Bazaar massacre, 1930

On April 23rd 1930, British troops stormed Peshawar to suppress non-violent demonstrators who were protesting the arrest of Ghaffar Khan. As troops moved into the Bazaar, British armoured cars drove into the square at high-speed, killing several people. The crowd however continued their non-violent protest, and offered to disperse if they could gather their dead and injured, and if the British left the square. The Brits refused to leave, and it was ordered for them to open fire with machine guns on the unarmed crowd.

Almost 400 were gunned down by British forces at the Qissa Khwani Bazaar (the Storytellers market).

al-Bassa massacre, Palestine, 1938

British Army Palestine

The British killed at least twenty Palestinian villagers at al-Bassa in September 1938, during an operation in which they were also tortured.

Some 50 Palestinian men rounded up by British soldiers who then put around twenty on to a bus which was then forced to drive over a landmine.

Harry Arrigonie, a British colonial policeman recalled the massacre in his memoirs:

“Villagers who panicked and tried to escape were shot. The driver of the bus was forced to drive along the road, over a land mine buried by the soldiers. This second mine was much more powerful than the first [i.e., the rebels’ mine] and it completely destroyed the bus, scattering the maimed and mutilated bodies of the men on board everywhere. The villagers were then forced to dig a pit, collect the bodies, and throw them unceremoniously into it”. [ix]

Athens massacre, Greece, 1944

Athens massacre, 1944

The British Army under the guidance of Churchill perpetrated a massacre on the streets of Athens in the month of December 1944. 28 protesters were shot dead, a further 128 injured.

The British demanded the that all guerrilla groups should disarm on the 2nd December 1944. The following day 200,000 marched against these demands, and this is when the British Army under Churchill’s orders turned their guns on the people. Churchill regarded ELAS (Greek People’s Liberation Army) and EAM (National Liberation Front) as “miserable banditti”, these were the very people who ran the Nazis out. His actions in the month of December were purely out of his hatred and paranoia for communism.

Batang Kali massacre, Malaysia, 1948

Batang Kali massacre, 1948

The Batang Kali massacre was the killing of 24 villagers by British troops during the so-called ‘Malayan Emergency’. A conflict the British secretly described as the “defence of the rubber industry”. Despite several investigations into the murders no charges have been brought against any of the perpetrators. In 2015, the British decided that there would be no inquiry into the massacre because it was “too long ago”. [x]

Chuka massacre, Kenya, 1953

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22 unarmed people were murdered by the British Army’s King’s African Rifles in the Kenyan village of Chuka in June 1953.

The British Ministry of Defence in 2006 refused to release files relating to the massacre. [xi] There is no doubt this is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to British colonial terror throughout the so-called emergency.

Hola massacre, Kenya, 1959

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11 Kenyans were clubbed to death by British colonial guards in the Hola ‘detention camp’. 150,000 men, women and children were forced into these camps. Rape, castration, cigarettes, electric shocks and fire all used by the British to torture the Kenyan people.

The Cowan Plan advocated the use of force and sometimes death against Kenyan POWs who refused to work.

A cover up followed where the British tried to blame “contaminated water for their deaths. [xii]

Ballymurphy massacre, Ireland, 1971

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The Ballymurphy Massacre saw the British Army murder 11 civilians in cold blood over a 36 hour period.

On Monday 9th August 1971 internment without trial was introduced by the British government in the North of Ireland. Over 600 British soldiers entered the Ballymurphy area of West Belfast, raiding homes and rounding up men. Young and old were shot and beaten as they were dragged from their homes.

All 11 of the unarmed civilians were murdered by the British Army’s Parachute Regiment who would go on to carry out more massacres in the North of Ireland.

McGurks Bar massacre, Ireland, 1971

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On the evening of Saturday 4th December 1971 a loyalist terror outfit known as the UVF directed by the British military planted a no-warning bomb on the doorstep of a family run pub in Belfast, Ireland. 15 people in total were killed including two children.

Bloody Sunday massacre, Ireland, 1972

Bloody Sunday massacre, 1972

On the 30th January 1972 14 unarmed civilians shot dead by the British Army on the streets of the Irish city of Derry. Shortly after the massacre the Queen decorated Derek Wilford who commanded the Parachute Regiment and went on to give honours to Mike Jackson who spread lies about the victims.

Springhill massacre, Ireland, 1972

Springhill massacre, 1972

On the 9th July 1972, 5 people were shot dead by British Army snipers in the Springhill estate in Belfast, Ireland. Three were civilians, including a priest. The two others were members of Fianna Eireann, an Irish revolutionary youth organisation.

New Lodge massacre, Ireland, 1973

New Lodge massacre, 1973

On the night and early morning of the 3rd and 4th of February 1973, six young local men from the New Lodge Road area of North Belfast were shot dead in a coordinated attackby the British Army and a loyalist death squad.

Loughinisland massacre, Ireland, 1994

Loughinisland massacre, 1995

On the 18th June 1994 in the village of Loughinisland members of the British backed terror outfit the UVF burst into a pub with assault rifles and fired on customers. Six people were killed.

Britain overtly and covertly colluded with death squads in Ireland. The British funded report that was released in June 2016 couldn’t conceal this fact any longer.

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[i] ‘Rare Tibet photos and artefacts auctioned in the UK’. BBC News, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-23683637
[ii] Francis Younghusband, ‘Journal Entry’ (British expedition to Tibet), Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: https://francisyounghusband.wordpress.com/2013/09/23/journal-entry-1-british-expedition-to-tibet/
[iii] ‘British troops shot unarmed Irish prisoners’, Guardian Newspaper, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2001/jan/11/freedomofinformation.politics
[iv] ibid
[v] ibid
[vi] ‘Massacre of Amristar’, Britannica, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.britannica.com/event/Massacre-of-Amritsar
[vii] Royal Air Force ‘Air Power Review’, 2008, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.raf.mod.uk/rafcms/mediafiles/BC18F893_1143_EC82_2E16AC19F19FE2D2.pdf pg.34
[viii] Wrigley, ‘Winston Churchill: A biographical companion], pg.67
[ix]  Arrigonie, “British Colonialism”, pg.35–6.
[x] ‘Relatvies lose fight for inquiry into 1948 Batang Kali massacre’, Guardian Newspaper, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.theguardian.com/law/2015/nov/25/relatives-lose-fight-for-inquiry-into-1948-batang-kali-massacre
[xi] ‘MOD refusing to release file on massacre of Kenyans’, Telegraph newspaper, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1523502/MoD-refusing-to-release-file-on-massacre-of-Kenyans.html
[xii] ‘Mau Mau massacre documents revelaed’, BBC News, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-20543140