Britain’s Sunday Times on the 2nd July 2017 published an article regarding a “rogue” SAS outfit that had murdered civilians in Afghanistan. They went on to state this SAS unit had fabricated reports to cover up their war crimes. There is nothing “rogue” about this conduct by the SAS.

In 1983, the SAS trained Pol Pot led forces which was revealed by Simon O’Dwyer-Russell in a Sunday Telegraph article in 1989. The SAS had taught the group “the use of improvised explosive devices, booby traps and the manufacture and use of time-delay devices“.

During the Black September conflict of 1970-71 King Hussein depended on Britain for his regimes survival as noted by the British Foreign Office. SAS instructors taught the Jordanian special forces who were waging a war against the PLO.

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Two SAS men who were captured dressed as locals with explosives in Basra, 2005

In 2011, the SAS were captured on the ground in Libya along with an MI6 agent. Their role was to work against the sovereign government. In 2017, the SAS remain in Libya. Just six years earlier in Basra, Iraq, two SAS men dressed in Arab style clothing were arrested by Iraqi police whom they had fired on. They were found to be in possession of explosives. The British responded by sending in tanks to smash down the walls of the prison they were being held in. This is nothing new for the SAS, in the late 1960s, they ran plain clothes hit squads in Aden (Yemen). The SAS would routinely dress as locals in an attempt to lure local resistance fighters where they would try and trap them and kill them.

Despite Britain’s denial the SAS were deployed to Vietnam and were most likely attached to the Australian SAS. They played a covert role and had plenty of experience from Britain’s war in Malaya – a conflict which the United States drew much inspiration from for their campaign in Vietnam.

In Ireland, the SAS carried out a number of cowardly operations. The Military Reaction Force, a British Army death squad, had SAS members working within its ranks. The most well known case is that of the Four Square laundry – a business that had been set up by the MRF to spy on Belfast residents. The MRF carried out drive-by shooting and bombings. Two SAS men were involved in this spy ring.

The SAS has a long history of carrying out covert operations which target civilians and prop up pro-British regimes. There was nothing “rogue’ about those caught murdering in Afghanistan, their only mistake in Britain’s eyes will be that they got caught.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Starvation was a conscious resource for Britain’s colonial projects. It is still being used as a weapon today. Over half of Yemen’s population, 28 million people, are short of food. All the while Britain ‘advises’ it’s junior partner, the Saudis, where their airstrikes should hit. It comes as little surprise that the agricultural industry in Yemen is being deliberately targeted.

Let’s take a look at Britain’s long history of starving people to death in the name of it’s Empire:

Ireland:

The ‘famine’ of 1845-52 in Ireland was no more a natural disaster than the famines in Africa today. It was a man made instrument of war and conquest. Over a million Irish people died of starvation while enjoying the benefits of British rule. A million and a half more left Ireland, many on ‘coffin ships’.

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During ‘Black 47’, the worst year of the so-called famine, almost 4000 vessels left Ireland carrying food to the ports of Bristol, Glasgow, Liverpool and London, to feed English people. If we take butter alone, over 800,000 gallons was exported from Ireland at gunpoint – the English couldn’t be left without butter while the Irish were being exterminated by starvation.

Before the genocide the population of Ireland stood at over eight million. One hundred and fifty years later and the population has never reached that figure.

India:

Mass starvation was a regular feature of life in India under British rule. The last ‘famine’ that was inflicted on India was in 1943 when over four million people died in Bengal. The British Army took millions of tons of rice from starving people. Even when other nations tried to send aid to the people of Bengal, Winston Churchill refused the offers.

The major famines that occurred in India under British rule:

  1. The Great Bengal Famine (1769-1770) – over 10 million deaths
  2. Madras City/surrounding areas (1782-1783) and Chalisa famines (1783-1784) – total deaths for both was over 11 million
  3. Doji Bara Famine (1791-1792) – over 11 million deaths
  4. Agra Famine (1837-1838) – close to 1 million deaths
  5. Upper Doab Famine (1860-1861) – 2 million deaths
  6. Orissa (Odisha) Famine (1866) – over 1 million deaths
  7. Rajputana Famine (1868-1870) – over 1.5+ million deaths
  8. Bihar Famine (1873-1874) – the relief effort for this famine was deemed ‘excessive’, it was decided future relief to be “thrift”.
  9. Great Famine (1876-1878) – 5.5+ million deaths
  10. Ganjam/Orissa/Bihar (1888-1889) – hundreds of thousands of deaths
  11. Indian Famine (1896-1897) – millions of deaths
  12. Indian Famine (1899-1900) – 1+ million deaths
  13. Bombay Presidency Famine (1905-1906) – hundreds of thousands of deaths
  14. Bengal Famine (1943-1944) – over 4+ million deaths

The British ran what they termed ‘relief works’ during some of the famines. Indians were worked to death.

During the Bihar famine it was declared that the relief given to the starving was too generous, and thus decided that future relief was to be ‘thrift’. Lord Salisbury was convinced by senior civil servants that it was “a mistake to spend so much money to save a lot of black fellows”. [i]

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  • A famine relief coin given out during the ‘Great Famine’ of 1876-88. Over 5.5million died.

One of the methods the British devised for starving Indians who wanted to get relief was the ‘distance test’. They would be made to walk over ten miles to and from the relief works. Less food was given at these slave labour camps than at the Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald. The annual death rate in 1877 was 94%. [ii]

Britain’s imperial project in India, its aims and methods, was not to prevent ‘famines’ but to engineer them.

‘Malaya’:

During the so-called ‘Malayan Emergency’ of 1948-1960 the British introduced a ‘food denial’ programmed called Operation Starvation. Its aim was to starve out those who were resisting Britain’s looting of the country. Its methods included ration reduction, punching of canned food at the time of purchase and the forbidding of meals at work areas.

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Brits spraying crops with herbicides and defoliants (Agent Orange).

As part of Operation Starvation the British sprayed Agent Orange on food crops. The United States took inspiration from this tactic to use in Vietnam.

Hundreds of thousands were also swept into camps by the British where they were subject to curfews and made to labour on the plantations. Any minor infraction would be punished, often with food reduction.

Biafra:

The British armed and supplied Nigeria with mercenaries during the Biafran war of 1967-70 all in the name of protecting corporate oil. When it looked like Nigeria got the upper hand Britain increased the supply of arms and ammunition.

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Britain’s greed to secure cheap oil saw them support a blockade against Biafra which resulted in countless people starving to death.

Britain’s Commonwealth Minister George Thomas stated in 1967 that the “sole immediate British interest in Nigeria is that the Nigerian economy should be brought back to a condition in which our substantial trade and investment in the country can be further developed, and particularly so we can regain access to important oil installations”. [iii]

Yemen:

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Over half of Yemen’s twenty-eight million people are short of food while Britain’s junior partner, Saudi Arabia, bombs them from the skies. The British are in what is referred to as the “command room”, advising the Saudis where they should strike. [iv] It comes as little surprise that Yemen’s farms and agricultural industry is being targeted. Yemenis are now starving because of this very British tactic.

[i] Mike Davis, “Late Victorian Holocausts” (UK: Verso Books, 2000], pg.37

[ii] ibid., pg.40

[iii] Quoted in the Independent Newspaper, 2004.

[iv] From the Guardian Newspaper, 2016.

 

 

Chumik Shenko massacre, Tibet, 1904

Chumik Shenko massacre 1904

On March 31 1904 hundreds of Tibetans were slaughtered by the British with maxim machine guns. The order from the British was “to make as big a bag as possible” [i]. The day after the massacre Colonel Younghusband who led the British invasion into Tibet stated “I trust the tremendous punishment they have received will prevent further fighting, and induce them at last to negotiate” [ii].

North King Street massacre, Ireland, 1916

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At least seventeen civilians were shot and bayoneted to death by the British Army who went on a murderous rampage on North King Street and its environs.

British troops broke into the homes of locals, accused innocent people of being ‘rebels’ and murdered them. Some of the victims were buried in their gardens and cellars by the soldiers. A military inquest into the killings found that the British Army had killed civilians but army officers and civil servants covered up the findings to avoid what they called “hostile propaganda” [iii].

Top Home Office official, ‘Sir’ Edward Troup, marked the memo he wrote for British PM Asquith “very confidential” and said some of the people were “probably fighting or sniping”, he went on to admit that there was “little doubt that others were not taking any active part” [iv].

Troup strongly advised against publishing the evidence on the grounds it would show the extent of British tyranny in Ireland. He said “nothing but harm could come of any public inquiry that would draw further attention to the matter”. He went on to state that if the massacre had happened in England that “the right course would be to refer the cases to the Director of Public Prosecutions”. But because it was Ireland, instead of the soldiers facing trail for murder, they were simply allowed to get away with it. [v]

Jallianwala Bagh massacre (Amritsar), India, 1919

Amritsar massacre, 1919

In Amritsar on the 13th April British troops under the command of General Dyer fired in to a crowd who had gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh public gardens for 10 minutes. Fire was directed towards to the few open gates through which people were trying to flee.

Reginald Dyer who ordered the massacre was hailed a hero in Britain. He was rewarded the equivalent of £1million, given a heroes welcome when he returned to London and was presented with a sword inscribed with the motto “the saviour of Punjab”. [vi]

Over 1000 people were killed. Although the British continue to arrogantly dispute the figure, claiming it to be in the hundreds as if that would absorb them of the crime.

Gujranwala massacre, India, 1919

Gujranwala massacre 1919

Two days after the massacre at Amritsar, the RAF were dispatched to bomb and machine gun people protesting against it in Gujranwala. At least 12 people were killed.

The Officer Commanding the RAF in India stated after the massacre:

“I think we can fairly claim to have been of great use in the late riots, particularly at Gujranwala, where the crowd when looking at its nastiest was absolutely dispersed by a machine using bombs and Lewis guns.” –  Brigadier General N D K MacEwen [vii]

Croke Park massacre, Ireland, 1920

Croke Park massacre 1920

On the 21 November 1919, British forces opened fire on a crowd at a Gaelic football match in a revenge attack. The ground became a war zone as the British fired indiscriminately. 14 were killed.

Churchill would go on to proclaim that these very same British forces were”gallant and honourable officers”. [viii]

Shaji massacre, China, 1925

Shaji massacre, 1925

On June 23rd 1925 a group of Chinese workers and students in Guangzhou demonstrated, the British military police answered with fire. 52 died. Upon hearing of the massacre workers in Hong Kong responded with a General Strike. A boycott on British goods was declared.

Qissa Khwani Bazaar massacre, Peshawar, 1930

Qissa Khwani Bazaar massacre, 1930

On April 23rd 1930, British troops stormed Peshawar to suppress non-violent demonstrators who were protesting the arrest of Ghaffar Khan. As troops moved into the Bazaar, British armoured cars drove into the square at high-speed, killing several people. The crowd however continued their non-violent protest, and offered to disperse if they could gather their dead and injured, and if the British left the square. The Brits refused to leave, and it was ordered for them to open fire with machine guns on the unarmed crowd.

Almost 400 were gunned down by British forces at the Qissa Khwani Bazaar (the Storytellers market).

al-Bassa massacre, Palestine, 1938

British Army Palestine

The British killed at least twenty Palestinian villagers at al-Bassa in September 1938, during an operation in which they were also tortured.

Some 50 Palestinian men rounded up by British soldiers who then put around twenty on to a bus which was then forced to drive over a landmine.

Harry Arrigonie, a British colonial policeman recalled the massacre in his memoirs:

“Villagers who panicked and tried to escape were shot. The driver of the bus was forced to drive along the road, over a land mine buried by the soldiers. This second mine was much more powerful than the first [i.e., the rebels’ mine] and it completely destroyed the bus, scattering the maimed and mutilated bodies of the men on board everywhere. The villagers were then forced to dig a pit, collect the bodies, and throw them unceremoniously into it”. [ix]

Athens massacre, Greece, 1944

Athens massacre, 1944

The British Army under the guidance of Churchill perpetrated a massacre on the streets of Athens in the month of December 1944. 28 protesters were shot dead, a further 128 injured.

The British demanded the that all guerrilla groups should disarm on the 2nd December 1944. The following day 200,000 marched against these demands, and this is when the British Army under Churchill’s orders turned their guns on the people. Churchill regarded ELAS (Greek People’s Liberation Army) and EAM (National Liberation Front) as “miserable banditti”, these were the very people who ran the Nazis out. His actions in the month of December were purely out of his hatred and paranoia for communism.

Batang Kali massacre, Malaysia, 1948

Batang Kali massacre, 1948

The Batang Kali massacre was the killing of 24 villagers by British troops during the so-called ‘Malayan Emergency’. A conflict the British secretly described as the “defence of the rubber industry”. Despite several investigations into the murders no charges have been brought against any of the perpetrators. In 2015, the British decided that there would be no inquiry into the massacre because it was “too long ago”. [x]

Chuka massacre, Kenya, 1953

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22 unarmed people were murdered by the British Army’s King’s African Rifles in the Kenyan village of Chuka in June 1953.

The British Ministry of Defence in 2006 refused to release files relating to the massacre. [xi] There is no doubt this is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to British colonial terror throughout the so-called emergency.

Hola massacre, Kenya, 1959

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11 Kenyans were clubbed to death by British colonial guards in the Hola ‘detention camp’. 150,000 men, women and children were forced into these camps. Rape, castration, cigarettes, electric shocks and fire all used by the British to torture the Kenyan people.

The Cowan Plan advocated the use of force and sometimes death against Kenyan POWs who refused to work.

A cover up followed where the British tried to blame “contaminated water for their deaths. [xii]

Ballymurphy massacre, Ireland, 1971

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The Ballymurphy Massacre saw the British Army murder 11 civilians in cold blood over a 36 hour period.

On Monday 9th August 1971 internment without trial was introduced by the British government in the North of Ireland. Over 600 British soldiers entered the Ballymurphy area of West Belfast, raiding homes and rounding up men. Young and old were shot and beaten as they were dragged from their homes.

All 11 of the unarmed civilians were murdered by the British Army’s Parachute Regiment who would go on to carry out more massacres in the North of Ireland.

McGurks Bar massacre, Ireland, 1971

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On the evening of Saturday 4th December 1971 a loyalist terror outfit known as the UVF directed by the British military planted a no-warning bomb on the doorstep of a family run pub in Belfast, Ireland. 15 people in total were killed including two children.

Bloody Sunday massacre, Ireland, 1972

Bloody Sunday massacre, 1972

On the 30th January 1972 14 unarmed civilians shot dead by the British Army on the streets of the Irish city of Derry. Shortly after the massacre the Queen decorated Derek Wilford who commanded the Parachute Regiment and went on to give honours to Mike Jackson who spread lies about the victims.

Springhill massacre, Ireland, 1972

Springhill massacre, 1972

On the 9th July 1972, 5 people were shot dead by British Army snipers in the Springhill estate in Belfast, Ireland. Three were civilians, including a priest. The two others were members of Fianna Eireann, an Irish revolutionary youth organisation.

New Lodge massacre, Ireland, 1973

New Lodge massacre, 1973

On the night and early morning of the 3rd and 4th of February 1973, six young local men from the New Lodge Road area of North Belfast were shot dead in a coordinated attackby the British Army and a loyalist death squad.

Loughinisland massacre, Ireland, 1994

Loughinisland massacre, 1995

On the 18th June 1994 in the village of Loughinisland members of the British backed terror outfit the UVF burst into a pub with assault rifles and fired on customers. Six people were killed.

Britain overtly and covertly colluded with death squads in Ireland. The British funded report that was released in June 2016 couldn’t conceal this fact any longer.

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[i] ‘Rare Tibet photos and artefacts auctioned in the UK’. BBC News, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-23683637
[ii] Francis Younghusband, ‘Journal Entry’ (British expedition to Tibet), Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: https://francisyounghusband.wordpress.com/2013/09/23/journal-entry-1-british-expedition-to-tibet/
[iii] ‘British troops shot unarmed Irish prisoners’, Guardian Newspaper, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2001/jan/11/freedomofinformation.politics
[iv] ibid
[v] ibid
[vi] ‘Massacre of Amristar’, Britannica, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.britannica.com/event/Massacre-of-Amritsar
[vii] Royal Air Force ‘Air Power Review’, 2008, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.raf.mod.uk/rafcms/mediafiles/BC18F893_1143_EC82_2E16AC19F19FE2D2.pdf pg.34
[viii] Wrigley, ‘Winston Churchill: A biographical companion], pg.67
[ix]  Arrigonie, “British Colonialism”, pg.35–6.
[x] ‘Relatvies lose fight for inquiry into 1948 Batang Kali massacre’, Guardian Newspaper, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.theguardian.com/law/2015/nov/25/relatives-lose-fight-for-inquiry-into-1948-batang-kali-massacre
[xi] ‘MOD refusing to release file on massacre of Kenyans’, Telegraph newspaper, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1523502/MoD-refusing-to-release-file-on-massacre-of-Kenyans.html
[xii] ‘Mau Mau massacre documents revelaed’, BBC News, Accessed on 12/06/2016 at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-20543140